Press Release Details

View all news

Study uncovers factors linked to radical attitudes and intentions


A systematic review and meta-analysis published in Campbell Systematic Reviews identified and examined more than 100 risk and protective factors for radical attitudes, intentions, and behaviors (including terrorism) in democratic countries.  

The factors can be grouped into five domains:  

  • socio-demographic and background factors,  
  • psychological and personality trait factors, 
  • attitudinal and subjective belief related factors,  
  • experiential factors, and  
  • traditional criminogenic factors

While there is great variation, the most significant factors are traditional criminogenic and social-psychological factors.  

“Our results suggest that some of the factors most commonly targeted by counter violent extremism interventions, such as social integration, have only small relationships with radicalization. On the other hand, traditional criminogenic factors, such as low self-control, have far more robust relationships,” said lead author Michael Wolfowicz, PhD, of The Hebrew University of Jerusalem. He noted that the findings suggest that interventions commonly used to combat criminological outcomes may also be useful for fighting radicalization.

“Additionally, our results suggest a need to revamp the way that risk assessment tools are constructed, as not all factors included in such tools should be given the same weight,” said Dr. Wolfowicz. “We hope that our results will contribute to the development of more evidence-based practice in this field.”

Additional Information

Link to Study:

About Journal

Campbell Systematic Reviews is an open access journal prepared under the editorial control of the Campbell Collaboration. The journal publishes systematic reviews, evidence and gap maps, and methods research papers. These are published in Campbell Systematic Reviews, an open-access journal, which is a member of the Centre for Open Science Registered Reports, thus adheres to peer review and publication of the planned methods as a protocol to minimize bias. 

Campbell has a growing list of editorial topic areas, including Methods, Social Welfare, Disability, Education, International Development, Crime and Justice, Training, Knowledge Translation and Implementation, and Business and Management.

About Wiley

Wiley is a global leader in research and education, unlocking human potential by enabling discovery, powering education, and shaping workforces. For over 200 years, Wiley has fueled the world’s knowledge ecosystem. Today, our high-impact content, platforms, and services help researchers, learners, institutions, and corporations achieve their goals in an ever-changing world. Visit us at, like us on Facebook and follow us on Twitter and LinkedIn.

Multimedia Files:

View all news