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Can Artificial Intelligence Be Used to Study Gut Microbes in Patients?

A new Journal of Internal Medicine article proposes that artificial intelligence tools, such as machine learning algorithms, have the potential for building predictive models for the diagnosis and treatment of diseases linked to imbalances in gut microbial communities, or microbiota.

Wednesday, March 21, 2018 12:01 am EDT
"Artificial intelligence algorithms have the potential to change the everyday medical practices and offer the prospect of identifying new associations not yet detected by humans, which will be very useful for better understanding the complexity of the human microbiota"

A new Journal of Internal Medicine article proposes that artificial intelligence tools, such as machine learning algorithms, have the potential for building predictive models for the diagnosis and treatment of diseases linked to imbalances in gut microbial communities, or microbiota.

The article focuses mainly on patients with cancer, who often undergo treatments that can cause profound alterations in the gut microbiota and potentially contribute to the development of complications.

Because research on the human microbiome is an emerging science and the application of artificial intelligence in medicine is in its infancy, it is important to consider ethical, legal, and social issues simultaneously with technical refinements required for applying these technologies to the clinic.

“Artificial intelligence algorithms have the potential to change the everyday medical practices and offer the prospect of identifying new associations not yet detected by humans, which will be very useful for better understanding the complexity of the human microbiota,” said author Dr. J. Luis Espinoza, of the Kindai University Faculty of Medicine, in Japan.


Additional Information

Link to Study: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/joim.12746

About Journal

Journal of Internal Medicine (JIM), with its International Advisory Board, has developed into a highly successful journal since it was launched in its revised form in 1989. With an Impact Factor of 7.980, Journal of Internal Medicine now ranks 10th among the 154 journals in the General & Internal Medicine category.

Established in 1863.  Features original clinical articles within the broad field of general and internal medicine and its sub-specialties.  A fully international journal publishing articles in English from all over the world.

Peer-reviewed and published in both print and online versions.  JIM also supports and organizes scientific meetings in the form of symposia within the scope of the journal.

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Contact:

Penny Smith
+44 (0) 1243 770448
sciencenewsroom@wiley.com

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