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Wiley Reports First Quarter Fiscal 2020 Results

Thursday, September 5, 2019 8:00 am EDT

Public Company Information:

NYSE:
JWA
NYSE:
JWB
"Free Cash Flow less Product Development Spending"

HOBOKEN, N.J.--(BUSINESS WIRE)--John Wiley & Sons, Inc. (NYSE:JWA)(NYSE:JWB), a global research and education company, today announced results for the first quarter ended July 31, 2019.

  • GAAP results: Revenue of $424 million (higher by $13 million, +3%), EPS of $0.06 (lower by $0.39 including a net restructuring charge impact of -$0.22) and Net Cash Used in Operating Activities of $94 million (improved $51 million)
  • Adjusted results excluding FX: Revenue +5% (+0.5% excluding acquisitions), EBITDA -18%, and EPS -53%
  • Free Cash Flow improvement of $45 million primarily driven by the timing of journal cash collections
  • Acquisition of Zyante (zyBooks) further positions Wiley as a leader in the fast-growing digital courseware market for computing and STEM

MANAGEMENT COMMENTARY

“Our Research and Education Services segments demonstrated strong momentum in the first quarter,” said Brian Napack, Wiley’s President and CEO. “Softness in Education Publishing & Professional Learning revenue, in a seasonally smaller quarter for that segment, weighed on results overall. That segment’s profit contribution was further impacted by investments in growth initiatives such as the acquisitions of zyBooks and Knewton, which significantly expanded our digital courseware offerings and adaptive learning technologies. Cash flow performance for the quarter was very favorable, consistent with our expectations for clearing the Q4 backlog of calendar year 2019 journal subscription collections. We remain confident in our full year outlook.”

NEW SEGMENT REPORTING

To reflect shifts in its management structure, the Company has implemented a new reporting structure comprised of three reportable segments: (1) Research Publishing & Platforms, which includes the Research publishing and Atypon businesses; (2) Education Publishing & Professional Learning, which is the former “Publishing” segment combined with our corporate training businesses – previously noted as Professional Assessment and Corporate Learning; and (3) Education Services, which is the online program management business. Please see the attached financial schedules for more detail, including restated segment results for the prior year.

FINANCIAL SUMMARY

Wiley provides non-GAAP financial measures and performance results such as “Adjusted EPS,” “Adjusted Revenue,” “Adjusted Operating Income,” “Adjusted EBITDA,” “Adjusted CTP,” “Free Cash Flow less Product Development Spending,” “inorganic contribution,” and results on a Constant Currency basis to assess underlying business performance and trends. Management believes non-GAAP financial measures, which exclude the impact of restructuring charges and credits and certain other items, provide a useful comparable basis to analyze operating results and earnings. See the reconciliations of non-GAAP financial measures and explanations of the uses of non-GAAP measures in the supplementary information accompanying this press release.

GAAP Measures

Unaudited ($millions except for EPS)

Q1 2020

Q1 2019

Change 

Revenue

$423.5

$410.9

+3%

Operating Income

$4.6

$36.1

(87%)

Diluted EPS

$0.06

$0.45

(87%)

Net Cash Used in Operating Activities

($94.2)

($145.0)

+35%

Non-GAAP Measures

Q1 2020

Q1 2019

Change

Constant Currency

Revenue

$423.5

$410.9

+5%

Adjusted Operating Income

$15.3

$30.1

(52%)

Adjusted EBITDA

$57.5

$70.2

(18%)

Adjusted EPS

$0.21

$0.43

(53%)

Free Cash Flow Less Product
Development Spending

($124.6)

($169.5)

+27%

Wiley recorded foreign currency variances in the quarter of $6 million unfavorable in revenue, $0.7 million favorable in operating income, $0.2 million favorable in EBITDA, and $0.01 favorable in EPS.

  • Revenue growth in Research Publishing & Platforms and Education Services was offset by a decline in Education Publishing & Professional Learning.
    • Research Publishing & Platforms Revenue increased 2% on a reported basis and 3% on a constant currency basis driven by sustained growth in Research Publishing (+3%) and Atypon platform services (+10%).
    • Education Publishing & Professional Learning Revenue declined 7% on a reported basis and 6% on a constant currency basis, mainly due to declines in the books businesses and test prep, partially offset by growth in corporate training. On July 1, Wiley acquired Zyante (zyBooks), a leading provider of computer science and STEM education courseware, for $56 million in cash.
    • Education Services Revenue increased 69% (reported and constant currency), driven by the addition of Learning House (acquired November 2018) and organic growth of 9% at constant currency.
  • GAAP Operating Income decline included an $11 million restructuring charge in this period. Adjusted Operating Income and Adjusted EBITDA declines were mainly due to investment in growth initiatives and technology, accompanied by higher operating expenses in Education Publishing.
    • Research Publishing & Platforms CTP declined 3% on a reported basis but rose 3% on an adjusted basis at constant currency. Improved performance was driven by revenue growth. Adjusted EBITDA rose 5% at constant currency.
    • Education Publishing & Professional Learning CTP declined 77% on a reported basis and 64% on an adjusted basis at constant currency due to the revenue decline, investments in growth initiatives, and costs associated with the Knewton and Zyante acquisitions. Adjusted EBITDA declined 37% at constant currency.
    • Education Services CTP declined by $2 million to a loss of $7 million primarily due to $2 million in restructuring charges. Adjusted EBITDA grew to $0.4 million from a loss of $1.8 million.
    • Corporate Expenses for the quarter increased 29% over prior year to $49 million. At constant currency and excluding restructuring charges (credits), expenses rose 9%, driven mainly by an increase in costs associated with strategic planning and business optimization efforts.
  • Restructuring charges recorded in the quarter were $11 million for severance and other costs related to our multi-year business optimization program, for a year-over-year unfavorable cost variance of $17 million.
  • GAAP EPS decline reflected lower operating income, partially offset by foreign exchange gains and a lower effective tax rate. Adjusted EPS decline was primarily due to lower adjusted operating income.
  • Net Cash Used in Operating Activities was $94 million compared to a net use of $145 million in the prior year period, primarily driven by the timing of cash collections and payments. Free Cash Flow less Product Development Spending was a use of $125 million compared to a use of $170 million in the prior year. Generally, Cash From Operating Activities is a use of cash in the first half of Wiley’s fiscal year principally due to the timing of collections for annual journal subscriptions. Capital expenditures, including Technology, Property, and Equipment and Product development spending, rose $6 million to $30 million due to increased investment in products and platforms.
  • Acquisitions: Wiley spent $73 million in total on acquisitions in the quarter, including zyBooks and Knewton. zyBooks and Knewton significantly expand Wiley’s market position in high-growth areas of education, including digital courseware and adaptive learning for high-demand disciplines and low-cost, high impact offerings.
  • Shareholder Return: In June, Wiley raised its dividend to $0.34 per share (+3% increase). The Company repurchased 217,511 shares for a total of $10 million, with an average per share cost of $45.97. Approximately 1.7 million shares remain in the current authorization for share repurchases.

FISCAL YEAR 2020 OUTLOOK

The Company is reaffirming its financial outlook with updates that reflect the addition of zyBooks. Note, Knewton was included in the original outlook.

ITEM (IN MILLIONS, EXCEPT EPS)

ORIGINAL

FY20 OUTLOOK*

ZYBOOKS

IMPACT

UPDATED

FY20 OUTLOOK*

Revenue

$1,840-$1,870

+$15

$1,855-$1,885

Adjusted EBITDA

$360-$375

($3)

$357-$372

Adjusted EPS

$2.45-$2.55

($0.10)

$2.35-$2.45

Free Cash Flow

$210-$230

Insignificant

Unchanged

*Outlook is at constant currency (reflecting FY19 average exchange rates)

EARNINGS CONFERENCE CALL

Scheduled for today, September 5 at 10:00 a.m. (ET). Access the webcast on Wiley.com, at https://www.wiley.com/en-us/investors. U.S. callers, please dial +1 844-231-0103 and enter the participant code 4291438#. International callers, please dial +1 216-562-0402 and enter the participant code 4291438#.

ABOUT WILEY

Wiley drives the world forward with research and education. Through publishing, platforms and services, we help researchers, professionals, students, universities, and corporations to achieve their goals in an ever-changing world. And for more than 200 years, we have delivered consistent performance to all of our stakeholders. The Company's website can be accessed at www.wiley.com.

FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

This release contains certain forward-looking statements concerning the Company's Fiscal Year 2020 Outlook, operations, performance, and financial condition. Reliance should not be placed on forward-looking statements, as actual results may differ materially from those in any forward-looking statements. Any such forward-looking statements are based upon a number of assumptions and estimates that are inherently subject to uncertainties and contingencies, many of which are beyond the control of the Company and are subject to change based on many important factors. Such factors include, but are not limited to: (i) the level of investment in new technologies and products; (ii) subscriber renewal rates for the Company's journals; (iii) the financial stability and liquidity of journal subscription agents; (iv) the consolidation of book wholesalers and retail accounts; (v) the market position and financial stability of key online retailers; (vi) the seasonal nature of the Company's educational business and the impact of the used book market; (vii) worldwide economic and political conditions; (viii) the Company's ability to protect its copyrights and other intellectual property worldwide (ix) the ability of the Company to successfully integrate acquired operations and realize expected opportunities; (x) the Company’s ability to realize operating savings over time and in fiscal year 2020 in connection with our multi-year Business Optimization Program and (xi) other factors detailed from time to time in the Company's filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission. The Company undertakes no obligation to update or revise any such forward-looking statements to reflect subsequent events or circumstances.

JOHN WILEY & SONS, INC.
SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION (1)(2)
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME
(in thousands, except per share data)
(unaudited)
 
Three Months Ended
July 31,

2019

2018

Revenue, net

$ 423,530

$ 410,901

Costs and expenses:
Cost of sales

143,096

127,738

Operating and administrative expenses

250,170

240,426

Restructuring and related charges (credits)

10,735

(6,086)

Amortization of intangibles

14,970

12,683

Total Costs and Expenses

418,971

374,761

 
Operating Income

4,559

36,140

As a % of revenue

1.1%

8.8%

 
Interest expense

(6,077)

(2,796)

Foreign exchange transaction gains (losses)

2,652

(1,729)

Interest and other income

2,833

2,466

Income Before Taxes

3,967

34,081

 
Provision for income taxes

343

7,786

Effective tax rate

8.6%

22.8%

Net Income

$ 3,624

$ 26,295

As a % of revenue

0.9%

6.4%

 
Weighted-Average Shares - Diluted

56,905

58,114

 
Earnings per share - Diluted

$ 0.06

$ 0.45

 
Notes:
(1) The supplementary information included in this press release for the three months ended July 31, 2019 is
preliminary and subject to change prior to the filing of our upcoming Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q with the
Securities and Exchange Commission.

In the three months ended July 31, 2019, we completed the acquisition of Zyante Inc. ("Zybooks"), certain
assets of Knewton, Inc. (“Knewton”), which are included in our Education Publishing & Professional Learning
segment results and two immaterial acquisitions, which are included in our Research Publishing & Platforms segment.
 
(2) All amounts are approximate due to rounding.

 

JOHN WILEY & SONS, INC.
SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION (1)
RECONCILIATION OF GAAP EPS to NON-GAAP ADJUSTED EPS - DILUTED
(unaudited)
 
 Three Months Ended 
July 31,

2019

2018

 GAAP Earnings Per Share - Diluted 

 $             0.06

 $           0.45

 Adjustments: 
 Restructuring and related charges (credits) (A) 

                0.14

             (0.08)

 Foreign exchange losses on intercompany transactions (B) 

                0.01

               0.05

 Non-GAAP Adjusted Earnings Per Share - Diluted 

 $             0.21

 $           0.43

 
 Notes:         
 (A)  Adjusted results exclude restructuring and related charges (credits) associated with our recently announced multi-year Business
Optimization Program and our previous Restructuring and Reinvestment Program.  For the three months ended July 31, 2019 and 2018,
there were charges of $10.9 million, or $0.14 per share and none, respectively, related to the Business Optimization Program. For the three
months ended July 31, 2019 and 2018, there were credits of $0.2 million, or no impact per share, and credits of $6.1 million or $(0.08) per
share, respectively, related to the Restructuring and Reinvestment Program.
 
 (B)  Adjusted results exclude foreign exchange losses associated with intercompany transactions. For the three months ended July 31, 2019
and 2018, there were losses of $0.3 million, or $0.01 per share and losses of $4.0 million or $0.05 per share, respectively.
 
(1) See Explanation of Usage of Non-GAAP performance measures included in this supplementary information for additional details on the
reasons why management believes presentation of each non-GAAP performance measure provides useful information to investors. The
supplementary information included in this press release for the three months ended July 31, 2019 is preliminary and subject to change prior to
the filing of our upcoming Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q with the Securities and Exchange Commission.        

 

JOHN WILEY & SONS, INC.
SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION (1)
RECONCILIATION OF GAAP NET INCOME to NON-GAAP EBITDA AND ADJUSTED EBITDA
(unaudited)
 
 Three Months Ended 
July 31,

2019

2018

 Net Income 

 $              3,624

 $            26,295

Interest expense

                  6,077

                  2,796

Provision for income taxes

                     343

                  7,786

Depreciation and amortization

               42,219

               40,171

 Non-GAAP EBITDA 

               52,263

               77,048

Restructuring and related charges (credits)

               10,735

                (6,086)

Foreign exchange transaction (gains) losses

                (2,652)

                  1,729

Interest and other income

                (2,833)

                (2,466)

 Non-GAAP Adjusted EBITDA 

 $            57,513

 $            70,225

 
 Notes:         
(1) See Explanation of Usage of Non-GAAP performance measures included in this supplementary information for additional details on the
reasons why management believes presentation of each non-GAAP performance measure provides useful information to investors. The
supplementary information included in this press release for the three months ended July 31, 2019 is preliminary and subject to change prior to
the filing of our upcoming Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q with the Securities and Exchange Commission.

 

JOHN WILEY & SONS, INC.
SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION (1)
SEGMENT RESULTS
(in thousands)
(unaudited)
% Change
Three Months Ended July 31, Favorable (Unfavorable)

2019

2018 (2)

Reported Constant
Currency
Research Publishing & Platforms:
Revenue, net
Research Publishing

 $             219,927

 $            216,714

1%

3%

Research Platforms

                     9,448

                    8,603

10%

10%

Total Revenue, net

 $             229,375

 $            225,317

2%

3%

 
Contribution to Profit

 $               55,646

 $               57,317

-3%

-3%

Adjustments:
Restructuring charges (credits)

                     2,620

                      (980)

Non-GAAP Adjusted Contribution to Profit 

 $               58,266

 $               56,337

3%

3%

Depreciation and amortization

                   17,153

                  15,365

Non-GAAP Adjusted EBITDA

 $               75,419

 $               71,702

5%

5%

 
Education Publishing & Professional Learning:
Revenue, net
Education Publishing

 $               65,523

 $               74,034

-11%

-10%

Professional Learning

                   79,335

                  82,390

-4%

-2%

Total Revenue, net

 $             144,858

 $            156,424

-7%

-6%

 
Contribution to Profit

 $                  4,911

 $               21,767

-77%

-78%

Adjustments:
Restructuring charges (credits)

                     2,805

                      (717)

Non-GAAP Adjusted Contribution to Profit

 $                  7,716

 $               21,050

-63%

-64%

Depreciation and amortization

                   16,524

                  17,577

Non-GAAP Adjusted EBITDA

 $               24,240

 $               38,627

-37%

-37%

 
Education Services:
Total Revenue, net

 $               49,297

 $               29,160

69%

69%

 
Contribution to Profit

 $                (7,199)

 $               (5,019)

-43%

-44%

Adjustments:
Restructuring charges (credits)

                     2,089

                      (208)

Non-GAAP Adjusted Contribution to Profit

 $                (5,110)

 $               (5,227)

2%

2%

Depreciation and amortization

                     5,498

                    3,467

Non-GAAP Adjusted EBITDA

 $                     388

 $               (1,760)

# #
 
Corporate Expenses:

 $              (48,799)

 $             (37,925)

-29%

-30%

Adjustments:
Restructuring charges (credits)

                     3,221

                   (4,181)

Non-GAAP Adjusted Corporate Expenses 

 $              (45,578)

 $             (42,106)

-8%

-9%

Depreciation and amortization

                     3,044

                    3,762

Non-GAAP Adjusted EBITDA

 $              (42,534)

 $             (38,344)

-11%

-10%

                     
Consolidated Results:
Revenue, net

 $             423,530

 $            410,901

3%

5%

 
Operating Income

 $                  4,559

 $               36,140

-87%

-89%

Adjustments:
Restructuring charges (credits)

                   10,735

                   (6,086)

Non-GAAP Adjusted Operating Income

 $               15,294

 $               30,054

-49%

-52%

Depreciation and amortization

                   42,219

                  40,171

Non-GAAP Adjusted EBITDA

 $               57,513

 $               70,225

-18%

-18%

 
Notes:

 

(1) The supplementary information included in this press release for the three months ended July 31, 2019 is preliminary and subject to change prior to
the filing of our upcoming Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q with the Securities and Exchange Commission. 
 
(2) As previously announced, we have changed our segment reporting structure to align with our strategic focus areas: (1) Research Publishing & Platforms,
which continues to include the Research and Atypon businesses, (2) Education Publishing & Professional Learning, which is the former “Publishing” segment
combined with our corporate training businesses – previously noted as Professional Assessment and Corporate Learning and (3) Education Services, which
includes our Online Program Management and related businesses. Prior period segment results have been revised to the new segment presentation.  There
were no changes to our consolidated financial results.
 
# Not meaningful

 

JOHN WILEY & SONS, INC.
SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION (1)
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF FINANCIAL POSITION
(in thousands)
(unaudited)
 
July 31, April 30,

2019

2019

Assets:
Current Assets
Cash and cash equivalents

 $            104,025

 $               92,890

Accounts receivable, net

               281,055

                294,867

Inventories, net

                  44,811

                  35,582

Prepaid expenses and other current assets

                  61,292

                  67,441

Total Current Assets

               491,183

                490,780

 
Product Development Assets, net

                  60,093

                  62,470

Royalty Advances, net

                  26,788

                  36,185

Technology, Property and Equipment, net

               292,535

                289,021

Intangible Assets, net

               878,269

                865,572

Goodwill

            1,121,783

             1,095,666

Operating Lease Right-of-Use Assets(2)

               147,370

                            -  

Other Non-Current Assets

               102,052

                  97,308

Total Assets

 $         3,120,073

 $         2,937,002

 
Liabilities and Shareholders' Equity:
Current Liabilities
Accounts payable

 $              60,213

 $               90,980

Accrued royalties

                  88,162

                  78,062

Short-term portion of long-term debt

                    6,250

                            -  

Contract liabilities

               408,630

                507,365

Accrued employment costs

                  64,215

                  97,230

Accrued income taxes

                  11,418

                  21,025

Short-term portion of operating lease liabilities(2)

                  18,041

                            -  

Other accrued liabilities

                  75,896

                  75,900

Total Current Liabilities

               732,825

                870,562

Long-Term Debt

               724,291

                478,790

Accrued Pension Liability

               154,529

                166,331

Deferred Income Tax Liabilities

               141,316

                143,775

Operating Lease Liabilities(2)

               166,642

                            -  

Other Long-Term Liabilities

                  68,464

                  96,197

Total Liabilities

            1,988,067

             1,755,655

Shareholders' Equity

            1,132,006

             1,181,347

Total Liabilities and Shareholders' Equity

 $         3,120,073

 $         2,937,002

(1) The supplementary information included in this press release for July 31, 2019 is preliminary and subject to change prior to
the filing of our upcoming Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q with the Securities and Exchange Commission. 
 
(2) We adopted ASU 2016-02, "Leases (Topic 842)” on May 1, 2019 using the required modified retrospective approach,
whereby we used the effective date as the date of initial application and therefore previously reported financial information was
not updated. 

 

JOHN WILEY & SONS, INC.
SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION (1)
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOW
(in thousands)
(unaudited)
 
 Three Months Ended 
 July 31, 

2019

2018(2)

Operating Activities:
Net income

 $               3,624

 $            26,295

Amortization of intangibles

                14,970

                12,683

Amortization of product development assets

                  8,714

                  9,428

Depreciation and amortization of technology, property and equipment

                18,535

                18,060

Other non-cash charges and credits

                26,477

                11,298

Net change in operating assets and liabilities

            (166,488)

            (222,753)

Net Cash Used In Operating Activities

              (94,168)

            (144,989)

 
Investing Activities:
Additions to technology, property and equipment 

              (24,202)

              (18,304)

Product development spending

                (6,211)

                (6,246)

Businesses acquired in purchase transactions, net of cash acquired

              (73,209)

                         -  

Acquisitions of publication rights and other

                (2,270)

                (1,970)

Net Cash Used in Investing Activities

            (105,892)

              (26,520)

 
Financing Activities:
Net debt borrowings

             253,848

             147,754

Cash dividends

              (19,252)

              (19,043)

Purchase of treasury shares

              (10,000)

                (7,994)

Other

              (11,263)

                (1,510)

Net Cash Provided By Financing Activities

             213,333

             119,207

 
Effects of Exchange Rate Changes on Cash, Cash Equivalents and Restricted Cash

                (2,138)

                (4,363)

 
Change in Cash, Cash Equivalents and Restricted Cash for Period

                11,135

              (56,665)

 
Cash, Cash Equivalents and Restricted Cash - Beginning

                93,548

             170,257

Cash, Cash Equivalents and Restricted Cash - Ending

 $          104,683

 $          113,592

 
CALCULATION OF NON-GAAP FREE CASH FLOW LESS PRODUCT DEVELOPMENT SPENDING
 
 Three Months Ended 
 July 31, 

2019

2018

Net Cash Used In Operating Activities

 $           (94,168)

 $        (144,989)

Less: Additions to technology, property, and equipment 

              (24,202)

              (18,304)

Less: Product development spending

                (6,211)

                (6,246)

Free Cash Flow less Product Development Spending

 $        (124,581)

 $        (169,539)

           
See Explanation of Usage of Non-GAAP Measures included in this supplemental information.
(1) The supplementary information included in this press release for the three months ended July 31, 2019 is preliminary and subject to change prior to the filing of
our upcoming Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q with the Securities and Exchange Commission. 
 
(2) The Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the three months ended July 31, 2018, includes a reclassification of $4.5 million between Operating
Activities within the net change in operating assets and liabilities and Investing Activities related to costs to fulfill a contract and product development spending. In
addition, for the three months ended July 31, 2018, amortization expense related to costs to fulfill a contract of $0.8 million was reclassified from amortization of
product development spending to other non-cash charges (credits) within Operating Activities.

 

JOHN WILEY & SONS, INC.
Explanation of Usage of NON-GAAP Performance Measures
In this earnings release and supplemental information, management may present the following non-GAAP performance measures:
  • Adjusted Earnings Per Share (“Adjusted EPS”);
  • Free Cash Flow less product development spending;
  • Adjusted Revenue;
  • Adjusted Operating Income and margin;
  • Adjusted Contribution to Profit ("CTP") and margin;
  • EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA;
  • Inorganic contribution; 
  • Results on a constant currency basis.
Management uses these non-GAAP performance measures as supplemental indicators of our operating performance and financial position as well for
internal reporting and forecasting purposes, when publicly providing its outlook, to evaluate the Company's performance and to evaluate and
calculate incentive compensation. Non-GAAP performance measures do not have standardized meanings prescribed by US GAAP and therefore may
not be comparable to the calculation of similar measures used by other companies, and should not be viewed as alternatives to measures of financial
results under US GAAP. 
 
The Company presents these non-GAAP performance measures in addition to GAAP financial results because it believes that these non-GAAP
performance measures provide useful information to certain investors and financial analysts for operational trends and comparisons across
accounting periods. The use of these non-GAAP performance measures provides a consistent basis to evaluate operating profitability and
performance trends by excluding items that we do not consider to be controllable activities for this purpose. For example:
 
  • Adjusted EPS, Adjusted Revenue, Adjusted Operating Profit, Adjusted Contribution to Profit, Adjusted EBITDA and Inorganic contribution provide
    a comparable basis to analyze operating results and earnings and are measures commonly used by shareholders to measure our performance.
  • Free Cash Flow less product development spending helps assess our ability, over the long term, to create value for our shareholders as it
    represents cash available to repay debt, pay common dividends and fund share repurchases and new acquisitions.
  • Results on a constant currency basis removes distortion from the effects of foreign currency movements to provide better comparability of our
    business trends from period to period. We measure our performance before the impact of foreign currency (or at “constant currency”), which means
    that we apply the same foreign currency exchange rates for the current and equivalent prior period.
In addition, the Company has historically provided these or similar non-GAAP performance measures and understands that some investors and
financial analysts find this information helpful in analyzing the Company's operating margins, and net income and comparing the Company's financial
performance to that of its peer companies and competitors. Based on interactions with investors, we also believe that our non-GAAP performance
measures are regarded as useful to our investors as supplemental to our GAAP financial results, and that there is no confusion regarding the
adjustments or our operating performance to our investors due to the comprehensive nature of our disclosures.

 

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Contact:

Brian Campbell, Investor Relations
201.748.6874
brian.campbell@wiley.com

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