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  • November 08, 2017
    Lavender aromatherapy reduced preoperative anxiety in a study of ambulatory surgery patients undergoing procedures in general otolaryngology. The effect observed in the Laryngoscope Investigative Otolaryngology study was modest, however. In the 100-patient study, the experimental group received inhalation lavender aromatherapy in the preoperative waiting area while the control group received standard nursing care. Both groups reported their anxiety with a visual analog scale upon arriving to...
  • November 08, 2017
    The Royal Meteorological Society is publishing a special issue in Weather focused on the science of climatic change. One article in the issue reviews the use of scientific evidence in the development of the international response to climate change. The article examines how climate change became mainstream, how the science initiated and subsequently influenced the policy debate, the complex interaction between science and policy, and related institutional developments.“Climate change...
  • November 08, 2017
    A new British Journal of Sociology article explains that Donald Trump’s victory was less about the candidate himself and more about a rejection of the Democratic Party by white and black working-class voters across the Rust Belt. The article draws attention to a key question: why did this revolt happen in the upper Midwest and why did it happen in 2016? “It is the death of institutions like labor unions and civic associations that connected these voters to the Democratic Party that...
  • November 08, 2017
    In a recent Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica study, poor academic performance, measured as grade point average (GPA) at age 16, was a robust and strong predictor of suicide attempt up to middle age. For the study, researchers followed 26,315 Swedish girls and boys up to maximum 46 years of age. After controlling for potential confounding factors including childhood IQ, those in the lowest GPA quartile had a near five-fold higher risk of suicide attempt than those in the highest quartile. “This...
  • November 08, 2017
    In a Journal of the American Geriatrics Society study of 6309 community-dwelling Medicare enrollees (1276 of whom reported receiving rehabilitation services in the previous 12 months), the likelihood of receiving rehabilitation services was 1.4-times greater in whites than in blacks. Of those receiving therapy, whites were more likely to receive home-based and inpatient rehabilitation services (rather than outpatient services), but there were no racial differences in improvement in function. “...
  • November 08, 2017
    In a Child Development study of 21,103 children aged 4-17 years, those with lesbian and gay parents did not differ from children of heterosexual parents in terms of emotional and mental health difficulties, as assessed on parental questionnaires. Children of bisexual parents appeared to have greater difficulties, but this difference disappeared after taking into account markers of greater minority stress among bisexual parents.  “As lesbian, gay, and bisexual parented families...
  • November 07, 2017
    As life becomes more digital, how do organizations rise above the clutter and become the brand of choice?Alina Wheeler’s Designing Brand Identity is the bestselling toolkit for the entire branding team. This new, fifth edition has been fully updated to include the latest information needed to create, build and maintain strong brands in today's market.Brand identity plays a key part in the success of any business or organization – from established global corporates, to startups and non-profits...
  • November 06, 2017
    A new study found large disparities by sex, race, and age in survival for patients diagnosed with different cancers caused by the human papillomavirus (HPV). Published early online in CANCER, a peer-reviewed journal of the American Cancer Society, the findings suggest that improvements in HPV vaccination and access to cancer screening and treatment are needed.HPV causes most cases of cervical cancer, but it can also cause cancers in other parts of the body, including the oropharynx (the base...
  • November 01, 2017
    By attaching miniaturized Global Positioning System tags to cave bats near a mountain ridge in Thailand, researchers have shown that bats repeatedly use mountain slopes to ascend to altitudes of more than 550 m above the ground.The Mammal Review findings suggest that mountain ridges are key habitat features that help with foraging and navigation for some bats. Therefore, development of wind farms along mountain ridges might be in conflict with the conservation of some open-space foraging bats...
  • October 31, 2017
    A new article that addresses the challenges of cancer proposes combining innovative prevention and treatment strategies in a state-of-the-art virtual European Cancer Institute/Infrastructure that promotes sharing of the highest standards of practices and big data among countries and centres across Europe and beyond. By doing so, it will be possible to achieve a long-term survival of 3 out of 4 cancer patients in countries with well-developed healthcare systems, according to the Molecular...