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  • July 10, 2017
    Goodyear’s 1839 discovery of the vulcanization of natural rubber obtained from rubber trees marks the beginning of the modern rubber industry. A variety of synthetic rubber products were subsequently developed. In the journal Angewandte Chemie, scientists have now introduced a new, interesting variant: a phosphorus-containing rubber with a structure that corresponds to that of natural rubber. The similar properties of double bonds between carbon atoms (C=C) and phosphorus–carbon...
  • July 07, 2017
    Spilt crude oil has repeatedly polluted and even destroyed marine ecosystems. An effective measure would be to remove spilt oil slicks by absorption into a separable solid phase. As Indian scientists now report in the journal Angewandte Chemie, congelation of the oil to a rigid gel within impregnated cellulose and scooping the particles out is possible.Marine oil spills are disasters that cannot be completely avoided as long as we drill for oil or transport it across the ocean. As oil slicks...
  • July 07, 2017
    In a recent study, babies who were large at birth had an increased likelihood of being obese when they were in kindergarten to second grade (age 5 to 8 years). At each grade level and for both preterm and term children, children who were heavy as infants remained heavier than children born at normal birthweight.   The study included 828 preterm children and 9358 term children. The findings suggest that counselling may be appropriate early in life for families of large infants to help...
  • July 07, 2017
    New research reveals that a treatment called Stem Cell Educator therapy is safe and effective for treating type 1 and type 2 diabetes. The therapy cultures the patient’s immune cells with cord blood stem cells and returns only the “educated” immune cells to the patient’s circulation.The strategy may provide benefits because abnormalities in multiple types of immune cells contribute to the autoimmunity in type1diabetes and the insulin resistance in type 2 diabetes.“Current mechanistic studies...
  • July 07, 2017
    Investigators have revealed that the Gram-positive, anaerobic bacterium Clostridium difficile is widely distributed in soil samples from children’s and dogs’ sandboxes located within the metropolitan area of Madrid.The researchers also found the presence of genetically diverse strains of C. difficile. The presence of certain strains displaying increased toxin production, and in some cases multidrug resistance, could constitute a major health risk. This bacterium can cause...
  • July 07, 2017
    A new article looks at how currently available drugs for various conditions might be repurposed alone or in combination with other drugs to treat infectious diseases.Such a strategy should be pursued in part because the development of new therapeutics and vaccines usually takes a long time with immense resources. In addition, the speed of developing new therapies for drug-resistant pathogens has not kept up with the evolution of drug resistance by these pathogens.“Historically, drug...
  • July 07, 2017
    Researchers found that a family-based treatment for obesity in children—which included nutritional advice, exercise, and behavioral counseling—was effective.The treatment lasted for about a year, but severely obese children or children who had significant metabolic disturbances remained in secondary care for a longer time. Participants’ body mass index standard deviation scores (BMI-SDS) remained significantly lower than at the start of the study throughout a three-year follow-up period.The...
  • July 07, 2017
    Investigators have found a new marker that might be used for diagnosing a common form of lung cancer, especially at late stages.High expression of this marker, which is a particular circular RNA, in blood and lung cancer tissue was linked with increased cell proliferation, migration, and invasion, which are characteristics necessary for tumor growth and metastasis.The results are published in The FEBS Journal.Additional InformationLink to Study:  http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10...
  • July 07, 2017
    In a study of men with an average age of 71 years, lifestyle factors such as never smoking, maintaining a healthy diet, and not being obese were associated with survival and high functionality over the next 16 years.The study included 1104 men who completed a questionnaire. High functionality was defined as preserved ability in personal activities of daily living and cognitive function.Additional studies are needed to investigate whether lifestyle changes after the age of 70 years may also...
  • July 07, 2017
    Peer support is recommended by the World Health Organization for the initiation and continuation of breastfeeding, but in a survey of 136 service managers with jobs related to infant feeding across UK NHS Trust and Health Board areas, breastfeeding peer supporters were available in only 56% of NHS areas.There was no standardised provision of breastfeeding peer support around the UK, and services were regularly adapted in line with funding available, rather than number of births or perceived...