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  • February 16, 2017
    In a study conducted in rural Uganda, use of mosquito mesh reduced the cost of groin hernia repair surgery by more than $120 (nearly €120) compared with a commercial mesh, without sacrificing effectiveness.Use of a low-cost mesh will be critical for bringing mesh repair, which is the best available method in open groin hernia repair, to countries with limited resources.“Now that we know that high quality hernia surgery can be provided at low cost with high cost effectiveness in a low...
  • February 15, 2017
    The Mass Spectral Library of Drugs, Poisons, Pesticides, Pollutants and their Metabolites, 5th Edition is an indispensable tool for compound identification and has been extensively updated with 1,780 new data sets containing new compounds, their metabolites and derivatives.This innovative spectral database now features 10,430 mass spectra and GC retention indices of compounds in over 175 classifications such as biomolecules, anticonvulsants, and more.  These groups include older and new...
  • February 15, 2017
    Plants are capable of producing powerful movement that is initiated at the molecular level. This fast motion is often supported by helix-based architectures, for example in vetches or orchids that spread seeds by explosive opening of their pods. Researchers now demonstrate in the journal Angewandte Chemie that these biological strategies can be re-engineered by interfacing molecular switches with man-made materials.Inspired by the evolutionary strategies that support the movement of plants,...
  • February 13, 2017
    John Wiley & Sons, Inc. is now accepting submissions for the third biennial Alexis Walker Award, which honors outstanding original scholarship in the field of family science. The $5,000 award will be presented for the third time at the 79th conference of the National Council on Family Relations in November 2017 in Orlando.The award was established in 2013 in memory of Alexis Walker, an eminent scholar and pathfinder in Family Science. Alexis was a visionary leader and mentor known for the...
  • February 13, 2017
    New research indicates that about one-quarter of patients with bladder cancer treated with radical surgery on curative intent have detectable levels of tumour cells circulating in their blood. The presence of circulating tumour cells was also a predictor of cancer recurrence and death.The findings suggest that testing for circulating tumour cells in patients with bladder cancer may provide insights on which patients may need to receive aggressive treatment for their disease.“Liquid biopsies...
  • February 10, 2017
    Many patients who have their prostate glands removed as a treatment for prostate cancer complain of shortening in the length of the penis. A new study conducted in 102 men found that certain anatomical changes occur that make the length shortest 10 days after surgery, but it gradually recovers to normal values after 12 months.“The findings can help inform patients about changes in penile appearance after radical prostatectomy,” said Dr. Yoshifumi Kadono, lead author of the BJU International...
  • February 10, 2017
    Many individuals with type 2 diabetes produce abnormally low levels of a gut hormone called GLP-1, which normally stimulates insulin release from the pancreas. Now a new study shows that GLP-1 production by special cells in the gut known as L-cells can be restored in patients with recent onset type 2 diabetes following three to 12 months of treatment with liraglutide, a drug that is similar to native GLP-1.“This study shows that chronic liraglutide therapy induces a robust enhancement of GLP-1...
  • February 10, 2017
    An updated Cochrane Review published today has identified effective and safe ways to reduce unnecessary use of antibiotics in hospitals. Guidelines and policies that promote better targeting of antibiotics in patients who need them have the greatest impact when they are supported by the most effective ways to change doctors’ behaviour.Antibiotics are used to treat bacterial infections, such as pneumonia. Antibiotic resistance has become a major public health problem with some infections no...
  • February 09, 2017
    Positron emission tomography plays a pivotal role for monitoring the distribution and accumulation of radiolabeled nanomaterials in living subjects. The radioactive metals are usually connected to the nanomaterial through an anchor, a so-called chelator, but this chemical binding can be omitted if nanographene is used, as American scientists report in the journal Angewandte Chemie. The replacement of chelator-based labeling by intrinsic labeling significantly enhances the bioimaging accuracy...
  • February 08, 2017
    A recent analysis found that among 990 individuals fatally shot by US police officers in 2015, Black civilians were more than twice as likely as White civilians to have been unarmed, and civilians from “other” minority groups were significantly more likely than White civilians to have not posed an imminent threat to the officer(s) or other civilians.The analysis included information from The Washington Post, whose journalists scoured Web-based news articles, public records, Internet...