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  • April 20, 2017
    Psychoactive substances are becoming increasingly available to individuals for treating mental health disorders and enhancing cognition, as well as for purposes of creativity, inner exploration, and enjoyment. A new review published in the British Journal of Pharmacology looks at how these products may provide benefits, as well as how their ease of accessibility is raising a variety of concerns.Barbara Sahakian, FMedSci DSc, and her colleagues at the University of Cambridge in the United...
  • April 20, 2017
    What’s the long-term outlook for today’s patients with early rheumatoid arthritis? A new study in Arthritis & Rheumatology that looks at patients’ mortality, disease activity, and physical function over the course of 20 years reveals the importance of early treatment. Another study in the journal notes that deaths from arthritis are declining.Investigators led by Suzanne Verstappen, PhD, of The University of Manchester in the UK, analyzed information on 602 rheumatoid arthritis patients...
  • April 20, 2017
    Use of inhaled corticosteroids was linked with an increased risk of pneumonia in a study of individuals with asthma.In the study of 152,412 asthma patients (of whom 1928 had a pneumonia event during follow-up), current use of inhaled corticosteroids was associated with an 83% increased risk of being hospitalized for pneumonia. This risk was greatest with higher doses, and dispensing of 500 µg or more of fluticasone-equivalent per day was associated with a 96% increase. Increased...
  • April 20, 2017
    An analysis of published studies found no evidence that low- dose aspirin buffers against cognitive decline or dementia or improves cognitive test scores.The review and meta-analysis included eight studies with 36,196 participants who were an average of 65 years old and did not have cognitive impairment at baseline. Participants were followed for an average of six years.“Additional studies are needed to test the possibility that low-dose aspirin has beneficial effects when taken over a longer...
  • April 20, 2017
    Researchers have found that current or past use of methamphetamine or other stimulants may lead to psychomotor control deficits, or a reduced ability to control physical movement.Study participants were asked to hold their dominant arm in various positions, one at a time, and maintain each position for 60 seconds, with a 30-second rest between each. Investigators found impairments in terms of both tremor and arm-droop in heavy stimulant users. Tremor, but not arm-droop, persisted for at least...
  • April 20, 2017
    Quality of life after prostate cancer treatment varies by the type of treatment patients receive, a new study reveals.In the study of 5727 patients, sexual function declined with all treatment modalities, with the steepest decline after surgery. Open surgery to remove the prostate was linked with more decline than robotic surgery. Robotic surgery patients experienced a higher return of sexual function, approaching that of patients who received brachytherapy (radioactive implants) and radiation...
  • April 20, 2017
    Clinicians recently used 3D printing to help treat a woman with a degenerative condition of the spinal column.Standard spinal cord stimulation could not be performed on the patient due to her spinal anatomy. By using 3D printing techniques to create a model of the patient's lower spine, the investigators were able to find a way to successfully insert a catheter to achieve spinal cord stimulation.“3D printing may provide additional information to improve the likelihood of access when anatomy is...
  • April 20, 2017
    New research may be useful for protecting against the toxic effects of snake venom.Investigators have identified the specific protein that’s targeted by snake venom and causes cells to detach from each other and induce internal bleeding. The team also noted that animals resistant to snake venom—such as opossums, hedgehogs, and camels—have a variation of this protein that may help protect them.“We hope this study contributes to protecting against snake venom toxicity and elucidating the...
  • April 19, 2017
    John Wiley & Sons and The Physiological Society have announced the renewal of their publishing partnership for a further 10-year term, building on over thirteen years of collaboration. The renewed partnership will ensure The Society’s journals, The Journal of Physiology and Experimental Physiology, continue to develop as world leaders of physiological research.“The Society’s journals have built a reputation for excellence and quality. Protecting and building on this long-standing...
  • April 18, 2017
    If a business leader has what it takes to someday lead a large organization, how can they take charge of their growth and acquire the necessary skills quickly?  Alternatively, how can organizations identify and develop high potential leaders ahead of the competition? THE HIGH POTENTIAL LEADER: How to Grow Fast, Take on New Responsibilities, and Make an Impact (Wiley; March 13, 2017) is a timely blueprint for a new era of developing leadership talent that will change how companies compete...