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  • February 23, 2017
    In a recent study of adolescents, those who reported being sleepy during the day were more likely to be antisocial, and they were 4.5-times more likely to commit crime by age 29.The sleepiness–adult crime relationship was evident even after controlling for adolescent antisocial behavior. Poor daytime attention appeared to play a role in the sleep-crime relationship. Social adversity was identified as a source of both sleepiness and future crime.“Past studies have been asleep on the job and...
  • February 23, 2017
    In a survey of staff from 172 Swedish nursing homes, most residents had been outside the nursing home during the previous week, but only one-fifth had been on an outing or excursion.Very few residents visited a restaurant, engaged in an education program, went to the cinema, or even engaged in activities such as hobbies and parlour games.The findings can inform staff and managers to promote increased engagement in everyday activities for nursing home residents to support their wellbeing.“The...
  • February 23, 2017
    Investigators are using specially-trained detection dogs to determine the numbers and distribution of cheetah in a region of Western Zambia. The research represents the first demonstration of this strategy for wide-ranging species that are often threatened. While traditional survey methods failed to detect any cheetah, using dogs specially trained to locate scat and other signs allowed the team to detect cheetah presence throughout the survey area. The researchers estimated a density of 5.9...
  • February 23, 2017
    The shape of birds’ eggs varies considerably, for reasons that are unclear. The peculiarly elongated and pointed shape of the Common Guillemot’s egg is thought to prevent it from rolling off the narrow cliff ledge it is laid on, but new research suggests instead that the shape has more to do with providing resistance against impacts and protection from faecal and other contamination.“I have studied guillemots for over forty years and have never been convinced by the rolling explanation. It has...
  • February 22, 2017
    HOBOKEN, N.J.--(BUSINESS WIRE)--The Wiley Foundation, part of John Wiley & Sons, Inc. (NYSE: JWa and JWb) today announced the 16th annual Wiley Prize in Biomedical Sciences will be awarded to Joachim Frank, Richard Henderson, and Marin van Heel for pioneering developments in electron microscopy that are transforming structural studies of biological molecules and their complexes. Dr. Joachim Frank is an HHMI investigator, a Professor of Biochemistry and...
  • February 21, 2017
    Injury to the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) in the knee frequently leads to early-onset osteoarthritis, a painful condition that can occur even if the patient has undergone ACL reconstruction to prevent its onset. A new review looks at the ability of two different reconstruction techniques to restore normal knee motion and potentially slow degenerative changes.The findings suggest that where a graft is placed on the femur is crucial for restoring joint function and knee motion and for...
  • February 20, 2017
    New research conducted in adolescent rodents provides insights on the mechanisms behind anorexia nervosa and points to a potential treatment strategy.In experiments involving food restriction and/or exercise, investigators found that the extent to which certain receptors are expressed in neurons in a particular region of the brain can influence whether an adolescent female rat develops anorexia nervosa-like behavior, such as to exercise, rather than eat, in spite of being hungry.The findings...
  • February 20, 2017
    A new analysis indicates that many cancer survivors change their prescription drug use (including skipping doses or requesting cheaper medications) for financial reasons. Published early online in CANCER, a peer-reviewed journal of the American Cancer Society, the study provides important information on the financial burden experienced by cancer survivors, suggesting non-elderly cancer survivors are particularly vulnerable to this phenomenon.Although research has shown that cancer drugs can...
  • February 17, 2017
    Address and deliver: A gold catalyst can be delivered to a target organ in a higher organism where it performs a chemical transformation visualized by bioimaging. This intriguing approach has been introduced by a Japanese team of scientists in the journal Angewandte Chemie. It could make organometallic catalysis applicable for therapy or diagnostics.How is a therapeutically useful catalyst guided into its target tissue to synthesize bioactive molecules and drugs in higher level? How can its...
  • February 16, 2017
    Patients’ mental health may affect their risk of experiencing wound-related complications after surgery, new research indicates.The study included nearly 177,000 patients in England undergoing hip replacements, knee replacements, hernia repairs, and varicose vein operations. The likelihood of experiencing wound complications after a hip replacement were 1.17-times greater for patients with moderate anxiety or depression than those without. Patients with moderate anxiety or depression also...