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  • July 19, 2017
    A new technology may help to non-invasively analyse lung sounds in children and infants at risk of an asthma attack.  In a study of 70 severely asthmatic children, the approach was useful for predicting attack symptoms and for identifying asymptomatic children at high risk for an asthma attack.The results are published in Respirology.Additional InformationLink to Study: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/resp.13109/fullAbout JournalRespirology is a journal of international...
  • July 19, 2017
    A study has found that antiplatelet drugs, such as aspirin, are often inappropriately prescribed in acutely hospitalized older people.Antiplatelet drugs are typically used to prevent conditions such as heart attacks and strokes, both for individuals at high risk (primary prevention) and for those who have already experienced one of these events (secondary prevention).In the British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology analysis of nearly 2200 patients in Italian and Spanish internal medicine and...
  • July 19, 2017
    Newborn babies instinctively have the ability to crawl to the breast when placed skin-to-skin on the mother's abdomen. New research indicates that a higher temperature around the mother’s nipple with respect to the surrounding breast skin may facilitate this process.“These findings demonstrate, for the first time, that a temperature gradient may support mother-infant thermal identification and communication in the process known as breast crawl,” wrote the authors of the Acta Paediatrica study....
  • July 19, 2017
    A recent study found that birth defects among male infants fell below expected values after the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001. The findings suggest that large and unexpected stress in pregnant women may have selected against weaker male fetuses, leading to fewer defects among newborn males.For the study, investigators analyzed data from the California Birth Defects Monitoring Program from July 1985 to January 2004. The researchers included 6 birth defects that disproportionately...
  • July 19, 2017
    A new study found that participation in arts-based groups—such as those that involve choir singing and creative writing—benefits the emotions of both healthy adults and those experiencing mental health conditions.In the study, participants reported a significant increase in positive emotions and a decrease in negative emotions during the arts-based activity compared with other times during the day. The influence on positive emotions was short-lived while the effect on negative...
  • July 19, 2017
    Physical activity has strong anti-inflammatory properties, according to a recent review. The findings are significant because persistent inflammation is involved in the development and progression of chronic diseases such as type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease.The European Journal of Clinical Investigation review notes that studies have revealed the mechanisms and molecules behind exercise’s ability to block inflammation. Specifically, exercise boosts levels of the cytokines IL-6 and IL...
  • July 19, 2017
    In a recent study, combining moderate alcohol consumption (within legal limits for driving) and moderate sleep restriction led to greater drowsiness and increased deficits in attention, compared with either sleep restriction or alcohol intake alone.The synergistic effects lasted between 2 and 3 hours. Also, peak impairment occurred not at peak alcohol levels but 30 to 60 minutes after, despite receiving rest intervals in between testing.The findings suggest that individuals who have previously...
  • July 19, 2017
    The work of zoologists worldwide is often an important asset for biodiversity protection, but a new article notes that scientists kill many bats—even of threatened species—to study them.In the last 20 years, 222 studies mentioned the collection of 7482 bats of 376 species, mostly from South America and Asia (India, China, and Southeast Asia). Researchers mostly aimed to compile checklists or establish geographic ranges.Bats are long-lived, slowly reproducing creatures, and the potential...
  • July 19, 2017
    In a recent study of young children experiencing homelessness, high-quality parenting was associated with better peer relationships and protection from internalizing problems in the context of family adversity. In contrast, risk factors related to poverty were linked with more disruptive behavior and worse teacher-child relationships, even when parenting was strong.The study included 245 homeless parents and their children, aged 4 to 6 years. The findings suggest that children exposed to high...
  • July 18, 2017
    A new article addresses ongoing conversations about bridging the gap between practice and research within the field of family therapy.The authors advocate for what they call Practice Based Evidence Based practice, which implies that no therapy is delivered without measuring its effects on patients and no research is done outside the practice itself.With this strategy, a family therapist is both practitioner and researcher and involves clients as co-researchers. Therapist and clients examine...