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  • June 07, 2017
    In a recent study, exposure to particulate air pollution after being diagnosed with liver cancer was significantly associated with an increased risk of premature death. Patients exposed to elevated levels of particulate air pollution were at increased risk of dying from liver cancer or from any cause, and their risk rose with higher exposure levels.The International Journal of Cancer study, which included 20,221 patients with newly diagnosed liver cancer during 2000-2009 in California, is the...
  • June 07, 2017
    A new study suggests that to optimize neuroprotection and prevent cerebral palsy in extremely preterm infants, women should receive magnesium sulfate to obtain a blood level between 3.7 and 4.4 mg/dL at the time of delivery. The study included 636 women who received magnesium sulfate and 1269 who received placebo.The findings are important because magnesium sulfate is indicated for neuroprotection of preterm fetuses; however, the optimal dosing schedule to prevent cerebral palsy is not known.“...
  • June 07, 2017
    A new study indicates that spousal engagement in shared glycemic control activities—such as planning a healthy diet—may help patients with type 2 diabetes control their blood sugar levels.Also, the use of negative religious coping by the diabetic spouse was linked with lower levels of shared activities, while positive religious coping by the nondiabetic spouse was associated with higher levels. Positive religious coping includes strategies such as reinterpreting the stressor as beneficial,...
  • June 07, 2017
    A new study found that men with sleep apnoea and insomnia have a higher prevalence and severity of depressive symptoms than men with sleep apnoea or insomnia alone.In the study of 700 men in the community, 43% of those with both conditions had depression, compared with 22% of those with insomnia alone and 8% of those with sleep apnoea alone. The study also found that 6.7% of men in the community had undiagnosed sleep apnoea in combination with insomnia.  This is slightly higher than the...
  • June 07, 2017
    A recent systematic literature review has investigated potential sociodemographic, physical, mental, and social factors that may cause breastfeeding mothers to stop breastfeeding before infants reach 6 months of age.Mothers who were young, had a low level of education, and returned to work within 12 weeks after giving birth were more likely to stop breastfeeding before 6 months. Those who gave birth by caesarean section and who had an inadequate milk supply also tended to stop breastfeeding...
  • June 07, 2017
    A new study examines the characteristics of individuals who are most likely to have anxiety concerning threats posed by ISIS.In the study of 1007 adult Israelis, being female, having a lower socio-economic status, and having elevated levels of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms were related to ISIS anxiety. Exposure to ISIS in the media and having low resilience were also linked to ISIS anxiety. Finally, the PTD-ISIS relationship was especially pronounced when the mental resources...
  • June 07, 2017
    Active resistance is often considered to be the “normal" reaction during rape, but a new study found that most victims may experience a state of involuntary paralysis, called tonic immobility, during rape. Tonic immobility was also associated with subsequent posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and severe depression after rape. The findings, which are published in Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica, indicate that for health care follow-up and legal matters, tonic immobility should...
  • June 05, 2017
    Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) has long had a stigma of being a painful and barbaric method of treatment, but a new study found that patients undergoing ECT for a variety of psychiatric disorders view the therapy in a positive light.In the study of 30 patients, 80% found ECT a useful procedure that they would readily have again, with 70% saying it was more efficacious than drug therapy. The study’s investigators note that improvements in ECT administration and standards should help to...
  • June 05, 2017
    New comprehensive guidance for the diagnosis and management of peanut and tree nut allergy has been developed, which for the first time brings together the latest research and expert views into a single robustly written document. Patients will benefit from receiving the latest evidence based advice, including better understanding of risk assessment in order to reduce accidental reactions and manage reactions more effectively.The guideline has been in the development process for five years and...
  • June 02, 2017
    Every year, hundreds of thousands of international students and their families must go through the painstaking, complicated, confusing and culturally baffling process that is US university admissions. Until now, there has been no single resource for readers to turn to for holistic, accurate and up-to-date advice on the subject.Jennifer Ann Aquino, an international education expert, stresses that there is no general route in the application process as everything works on a case-by-case basis....