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  • January 20, 2010
    Intensive home-based nursing in HIV/AIDS patients significantly improves self-reported knowledge of HIV, awareness of medications, and self-reported adherence to medication programmes, according to a new Cochrane Systematic Review. One home-based care trial included in the review also significantly impacted on HIV stigma, worry, and physical functioning. It did not, however, help improve depressive symptoms, mood, general health, and overall functioning.These conclusions are interesting, but...
  • January 20, 2010
    Women should be allowed to eat and drink what they want during labour, say Cochrane Researchers. The researchers carried out a systematic review of studies examining the traditional practice of restricting food and fluid intake during labour and found no evidence for any risk or benefit for women at low risk of complications.Throughout much of the last century, eating and drinking during labour was considered dangerous and many maternity units operated “nil by mouth” policies or restricted...
  • January 14, 2010
    People with Parkinson’s Disease are more likely to display abnormal social behaviour and make poor decisions in ambiguous circumstances if they are pathological gamblers, according to research in the January issue of the European Journal of Neurology.A number of studies have already associated pathological gambling with Parkinson’s, suggesting that it is a frequent impulse control disorder associated mainly with dopamine replacement therapy.Researchers from the Raul Carrea Institute for...
  • January 13, 2010
    Public health experts are calling for urgent steps to reduce the number of healthcare professionals who smoke, after a survey of over 800 new nursing students found that more than half were current or former smokers.The Italian study, published in the January issue of the Journal of Advanced Nursing, surveyed 812 students who were just starting their University course. They found that 44% of them were still smoking – twice as many as in the general population – and a further 12% were former...
  • January 12, 2010
    Being obese could lead to a greater risk of developing the most common form of renal cell cancer, according to research in the January issue of the UK-based urology journal BJUI.US researchers found that obese patients with kidney tumours have 48 per cent higher odds of developing a clear-cell renal cell cancer (RCC) than patients with a body mass index (BMI) of less than 30. And the odds increase by four per cent for every extra BMI point.The team at the Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center...
  • January 11, 2010
    Despite guidelines recommending that physicians discuss end-of-life options with terminally-ill patients who have less than a year to live, most who see cancer patients would not do so as long as their patients are feeling well according to a new study published early online in CANCER, a peer-reviewed journal of the American Cancer Society. According to the nationwide survey, physicians would wait for symptoms to develop or until there are no more treatments to offer.National guidelines...
  • January 07, 2010
    A recent study found that living donation increased 42% and the number of individuals who presented for donation evaluation increased 74% at centers in New York. The surge in live donation and donor evaluation occurred after additional education was provided to liver transplant candidates. Those candidates exposed to the peer-based intervention (education) reported significantly greater knowledge, greater likelihood to discuss donation and increased self-efficacy compared to those not exposed...
  • January 06, 2010
    Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients are partially protected by the influenza vaccine 6-10 months after treatment with rituximab. Researchers determined that while the flu vaccine is safe, it is ineffective for RA patients in the first 6 months following rituximab treatment. Previous influenza vaccination in rituximab-treated patients does increase pre- and post-vaccination titers, providing some defense to influenza strains. RA activity was not influenced by administration of the flu vaccine....
  • January 06, 2010
    Researchers from the University of Minnesota Medical School discovered that light from an ultraviolet diode (UV LED) reduced “seizure-like” activity in a rat epilepsy model. During the study, UV light released gamma aminobutyric acid (GABA) from the “caged” compound carbonyl amino butanoic acid (BC204). GABA then decreased the abnormal electrical activity in the CA1 area of the brain. Results of this study have considerable potential in treating focal epilepsy in humans. Details of this study...
  • January 06, 2010
    Researchers from Johns Hopkins University determined that immune responses to the tetanus vaccine were not changed when rituximab in combination with methotrexate (MTX) was compared with MTX alone in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Responses to a pneumococcal vaccination (Pneumovax® pneumonia vaccine), however, were reduced in RA patients with rituximab. Complete findings of this study are published in the January 2010 issue of Arthritis & Rheumatism, a journal of the American...