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  • September 28, 2011
    The shortage of available organs for transplantation has driven up use of high-risk donor livers. New research published in the October issue of Liver Transplantation, a journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases, reported that high volume transplant centers more frequently utilized livers with a high donor risk index, but achieved better risk-adjusted graft and recipient survival rates compared with lower volume centers.During the past forty years the liver...
  • September 27, 2011
    Nearly half of all adults over 20 will experience at least one lower urinary tract symptom by 2018 - an estimated 2.3 billion people and a worldwide increase of 18% in just one decade - according to research in the October issue of the urology journal BJUI.Other issues like incontinence will also increase, with South America, Asia and the developing regions of Africa particularly affected by the conditions, which are more common as people get older.“Our study suggests that urinary and bladder...
  • September 26, 2011
    Both internet-based counseling programs and face-to-face therapy sessions for couples improve the sex lives of prostate cancer survivors and their spouses. That is the finding of a new study published early online in Cancer, a peer-reviewed journal of the American Cancer Society. The results suggest that couples counseling can provide additional benefits to patients’ sex lives beyond those experienced from medications such as erectile dysfunction pills.Despite efforts to make therapies for...
  • September 21, 2011
    A new study published in the international journal Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica (AOGS) reveals that fear of childbirth is a predisposing factor for emergency and elective cesarean sections, even after psychological counseling. This may mean a negative experience that lasts a lifetime among the approximately 3% of women who in this study were estimated to suffer from excessive fear of childbirth.Led by Professor Gunilla Sydsjo of the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology at...
  • September 21, 2011
    Women whose first pregnancy ended in infant death are significantly more likely to have a subsequent stillbirth finds new research published today (21 September) in BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology.Black women experienced the highest rates of stillbirth in subsequent pregnancy, the study by US researchers from the University of South Florida and the University of Rochester found.Infant mortality accounts for an estimated 5.75 million deaths annually worldwide and it...
  • September 19, 2011
    Researchers from Taiwan have confirmed a bidirectional relation between schizophrenia and epilepsy. The study published today in Epilepsia, a journal of the International League Against Epilepsy (ILAE), reports that patients with epilepsy were nearly 8 times more likely to develop schizophrenia and those with schizophrenia were close to 6 times more likely to develop epilepsy.Prior clinical studies have shown a prevalence of psychosis among epilepsy patients and studies of psychiatric illness...
  • September 19, 2011
    Exposure to the skin or eyes from hydrofluoric acid, which is commonly used in industry and is an ingredient in widely available household products, can result in pain, burns, and even death.Hydrofluoric acid is used in the manufacture of glass, electronics, pesticides and high-octane fuels, and it is used in electroplating.It is also the active ingredient in some household products such as rust removers, wheel cleaners, and aluminium brighteners.A study of hydrofluoric acid poisoning...
  • September 15, 2011
    Older individuals’ complaints about memory lapses such as having trouble remembering recent events may indicate that they are experiencing cognitive problems that are greater than typical age-related changes. These findings, which are published today in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, indicate that primary care clinicians, who are often the first to see patients who are worried about their memory, should be aware that such complaints might be indicative of something serious and...
  • September 13, 2011
    A new study published in the American Journal of Transplantation reveals that substitution of a brand name immunosuppressive drug with a generic (manufactured by Sandoz) for preventing rejection of transplanted organs appears to be safe for transplant recipients.Tacrolimus is an immunosuppressive drug that is used to prevent rejection of transplanted organs following organ transplantation. In August 2009, another pharmaceutical company received approval from the FDA for a generic tacrolimus...
  • September 12, 2011
    A new analysis has found that women who develop certain hereditary cancers develop them at earlier ages than women in the previous generation. Published early online in CANCER, a peer-reviewed journal of the American Cancer Society, the results point to the importance of tracking younger ages of cancer diagnosis to determine when to provide counseling, screening, and treatment services.Women who have mutations in the BRCA genes have a high risk of developing breast and ovarian cancers at young...