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  • October 05, 2011
    Although the transtheoretical model stages of change (TTM SOC) method is frequently used to help obese and overweight people lose weight, a newly published Cochrane systematic review indicates there is little evidence that it is effective. “The use of TTM SOC only resulted in 2kg or less weight loss, and there was no conclusive evidence that this loss was sustained,” says study leader Nik Tuah, who works at Imperial College London.The transtheoretical model describes a step-by-step way in...
  • October 03, 2011
    New research shows that use of poor footwear is common among patients with gout. According to the study published today in Arthritis Care & Research, a peer-reviewed journal of the American College of Rheumatology (ACR), gout patients who make poor footwear choices experienced higher foot-related pain, impairment and disability. Gout patients also reported that comfort, fit, support and cost were the most important factors for selecting footwear.Gout is a type of inflammatory...
  • September 28, 2011
    A study conducted at Copenhagen University Hospital showed that treatment of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) with disease modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs), glucocorticoids, biologic agents, or a combination of agents significantly reduced radiographic evidence of joint destruction, with a relative effect of 48%–72% as compared with placebo. A direct comparison between the combination of a biologic agent plus methotrexate and the combination of 2 DMARDs plus initial glucocorticoids revealed no...
  • September 28, 2011
    The shortage of available organs for transplantation has driven up use of high-risk donor livers. New research published in the October issue of Liver Transplantation, a journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases, reported that high volume transplant centers more frequently utilized livers with a high donor risk index, but achieved better risk-adjusted graft and recipient survival rates compared with lower volume centers.During the past forty years the liver...
  • September 27, 2011
    Nearly half of all adults over 20 will experience at least one lower urinary tract symptom by 2018 - an estimated 2.3 billion people and a worldwide increase of 18% in just one decade - according to research in the October issue of the urology journal BJUI.Other issues like incontinence will also increase, with South America, Asia and the developing regions of Africa particularly affected by the conditions, which are more common as people get older.“Our study suggests that urinary and bladder...
  • September 26, 2011
    Both internet-based counseling programs and face-to-face therapy sessions for couples improve the sex lives of prostate cancer survivors and their spouses. That is the finding of a new study published early online in Cancer, a peer-reviewed journal of the American Cancer Society. The results suggest that couples counseling can provide additional benefits to patients’ sex lives beyond those experienced from medications such as erectile dysfunction pills.Despite efforts to make therapies for...
  • September 21, 2011
    A new study published in the international journal Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica (AOGS) reveals that fear of childbirth is a predisposing factor for emergency and elective cesarean sections, even after psychological counseling. This may mean a negative experience that lasts a lifetime among the approximately 3% of women who in this study were estimated to suffer from excessive fear of childbirth.Led by Professor Gunilla Sydsjo of the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology at...
  • September 21, 2011
    Women whose first pregnancy ended in infant death are significantly more likely to have a subsequent stillbirth finds new research published today (21 September) in BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology.Black women experienced the highest rates of stillbirth in subsequent pregnancy, the study by US researchers from the University of South Florida and the University of Rochester found.Infant mortality accounts for an estimated 5.75 million deaths annually worldwide and it...
  • September 19, 2011
    Researchers from Taiwan have confirmed a bidirectional relation between schizophrenia and epilepsy. The study published today in Epilepsia, a journal of the International League Against Epilepsy (ILAE), reports that patients with epilepsy were nearly 8 times more likely to develop schizophrenia and those with schizophrenia were close to 6 times more likely to develop epilepsy.Prior clinical studies have shown a prevalence of psychosis among epilepsy patients and studies of psychiatric illness...
  • September 19, 2011
    Exposure to the skin or eyes from hydrofluoric acid, which is commonly used in industry and is an ingredient in widely available household products, can result in pain, burns, and even death.Hydrofluoric acid is used in the manufacture of glass, electronics, pesticides and high-octane fuels, and it is used in electroplating.It is also the active ingredient in some household products such as rust removers, wheel cleaners, and aluminium brighteners.A study of hydrofluoric acid poisoning...