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  • November 22, 2017
    Synthetic cannabinoids (often sold as Spice or K2) have become popular alternatives to cannabis due to easy access and portrayed safety. The first trial of its kind has looked at the neurocognitive and subjective experiences that occur after taking the synthetic cannabinoid JWH-018. The results are published in the British Journal of Pharmacology. JWH-018 dosing resulted in drug concentrations that were generally low and not fully representative of common use, but initial impairments of...
  • November 22, 2017
    In a Diabetic Medicine study that compared different regions in England, areas that provided 10 key services for diabetes foot care had lower rates of major diabetes-related lower limb amputations. Services introduced included administrative support, standardized general practice foot screening, improved community podiatry staffing, hospital multidisciplinary foot clinics, effective care pathways, availability of an orthotist and audit. “Based on these findings we strongly recommend robust...
  • November 22, 2017
    A task force from the European Academy of Paediatrics and the European Childhood Obesity Group has found evidence of a strong link between obesity levels across European countries and childhood media exposure. The experts’ review is published in Acta Paediatrica. The findings indicate that parents and society need a better understanding of the influence of social media on dietary habits. In addition, health policies in Europe must take account of the range of mass media influences that promote...
  • November 22, 2017
    Investigators have found a link between the amount of time between pregnancies and Autism Spectrum Disorder in children. The findings are published in Autism Research. Autism Spectrum Disorder was increased in second and later-born children who were conceived less than 18 months or 60 or more months after the mother’s previous birth. Other developmental disabilities were not associated with birth spacing. “These findings support existing guidelines on pregnancy spacing and further highlight...
  • November 22, 2017
    Media reports have depicted vaginal birth as harmful and cesarean delivery as protective of sexuality, but research does not support these depictions. In a recent survey published in Birth, 16%-48% of participants endorsed beliefs consistent with these media reports, and individuals who endorsed these beliefs tended to identify as heterosexual; hold negative attitudes toward female genitalia; and report that reality, nonreality, and online media sources are influential in terms of...
  • November 22, 2017
    A new HIV Medicine study identified several barriers to routine HIV testing in emergency departments and acute medical units in the UK and US. For the study, investigators searched electronic databases for US and UK studies published between 2006 and 2015 that described the offer of HIV testing to adults. HIV testing coverage ranged from 10%-38% and 19%-26% while uptake levels were higher (70%-84% and 53%-75%) in the UK and US, respectively. Operational barriers such as lack of time, the need...
  • November 22, 2017
    In a Journal of the American Geriatrics Society study of community-dwelling individuals aged 70 to 90 years who were participating in the Jerusalem Longitudinal Study, leaving the house daily was linked with a lower risk of dying over an extended follow-up period, independent of social, functional, or medical factors. The study’s investigators noted that getting outside of one's home provides numerous opportunities for engagement with the world outside, and may facilitate exposure to a variety...
  • November 22, 2017
    In a Journal of Advanced Nursing study, female gender and personal burnout were linked with impaired sleep quality among nurses. Also, working in the psychiatric setting, working a long cycle shift pattern, and experiencing daytime dysfunction were associated with burnout. A significant negative association between patient-related burnout and job performance was also observed. Additional InformationLink to Study: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/jan.13484/fullAbout JournalThe...
  • November 22, 2017
    A recent Obesity Reviews analysis of published studies found that, compared with children of normal weight mothers, children whose mothers were overweight or obese prior to pregnancy had 17% and 51% increased risks for compromised neurodevelopmental outcomes, respectively. Pre-pregnancy obesity was linked with a 62% increased risk of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, a 36% increased risk of Autism Spectrum Disorder, a 58% increased risk of developmental delay, and a 42% increased risk...
  • November 21, 2017
    Hyperaccumulators are unusual plants that can absorb much larger amounts of metal compounds in their leaves and stems than normal plants, and they are very useful for cleaning up contaminated land. As described in a New Phytologist article, researchers have published a database that provides easier access to information on the plant world’s hyperaccumulators. The new Global Hyperaccumulator Database contains data on 721 species of hyperaccumulators. Investigators hope that it will expand...