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  • May 04, 2017
    There are a number of environmental and economic reasons to promote the development and use of biological compounds as pesticides. A new analysis finds that there are fewer biopesticides registered in the European Union (EU) compared with the United States, India, Brazil, and China.The relatively low level of biopesticide research in the EU relates to the greater complexity of EU-based biopesticide regulations compared with other countries. Differences between regions mean an uneven...
  • May 04, 2017
    Albatrosses, one of the most iconic but also one of the most threatened groups of birds on the planet, are difficult to study in part because they breed on some of the world’s remotest and most inaccessible islands. Scientists have now shown that the highest resolution satellite imagery is capable of “seeing” these birds from space, allowing researchers to count their numbers on remote islands directly from satellite images without ever having to go there.This is the first time that satellites...
  • May 03, 2017
    John Wiley and Sons Inc. is delighted to announce its selection by the Australasian Society for Immunology Inc. (ASI) as publishing partner for its prestigious scholarly journals in immunology. With over 1000 members, the ASI is the major learned society for immunology in the Asia-Pacific region.Beginning in January 2018, Wiley will assume publishing responsibility for the ASI’s two prestigious journals:  Immunology & Cell Biology (ICB) and Clinical & Translational Immunology (CTI...
  • May 03, 2017
    A new review proposes a theory to explain how calorie restriction can extend life across a variety of species.When the body does not have enough glucose for energy, it burns stored fats, resulting in a build-up of molecules called ketone bodies. Investigators suspect that calorie restriction extends life span at least in part through increasing levels of ketone bodies.“Many aging-induced changes, such as the incidence of malignancies in mice, the increases in blood glucose and insulin caused...
  • May 03, 2017
    After participating in a training program in aging-related health, police officers anticipated having more empathy for and awareness of aging-related conditions, and greater ability to provide older adults with appropriate community referrals.For the program, police officers attended a lecture on aging-related health conditions pertinent to police work followed by three experiential trainings on how it feels to be “old.”All 143 participants completed the evaluation; 84% reported interacting...
  • May 02, 2017
    Change has never been more prevalent or relevant. Voters across the globe are voting for change, any change; seemingly at any cost. Entire industries are being disrupted and transformed by globalisation and a new breed of web-based conglomerates. The next wave of AI and automation will create even greater dislocation.Change is a fact of life that individuals, organisations and nations alike have no choice but to deal with. Those who are able to cope with change will survive. Those who are able...
  • April 30, 2017
    Strictly Embargoed until April 30, 2017 | 13:00 (BST)[April 30, 2017, 08.00am US Eastern Time (ET)]A new analysis describes different classifications of patients who are hospitalized with acute heart failure based on various characteristics, which may help guide early decisions regarding triage and treatment.For the analysis, investigators examined information from the ESC Heart Failure Long-Term Registry, a prospective, observational study collecting hospitalization and 1-year...
  • April 30, 2017
    Strictly Embargoed until April 30, 2017 | 7:30am (BST)[April 30, 2017, 2.30am US Eastern Time (ET)]Researchers have completed a randomized clinical trial in patients with heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF), which currently has no effective treatment for reducing morbidity and mortality.Elevated heart rate is a predictive factor of worse outcomes and increased mortality in patients with HFpEF, but this trial found that heart rate reduction with the drug ivabradine does not...
  • April 27, 2017
    Animals can match their background to avoid detection by predators. For instance, numerous species have evolved color patterns that help them blend into their surroundings and avoid predators—a phenomenon called crypsis. A new experimental study found that ghost crabs in the Solomon Islands may achieve crypsis by actively choosing to live in sand background that matches their body color.Work by biologists from the University of Miami shows that crabs with dark coloration choose dark sand while...
  • April 27, 2017
    Some mushrooms produce long-chain unsaturated carboxylic acids as their chemical defense against insect larvae. The biosynthesis of these polyenes relies on only one enzyme, as German scientists have now discovered. In the journal Angewandte Chemie, they report the unprecedented multiple double-bond-shifting activity by the enzyme, which is representative of a yet uncharacterized phylogenetic clade of polyketide synthases. Mushrooms feed on dead plant material and thus fulfill an essential...