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  • June 08, 2017
    When adolescents read a hypothetical scenario about verbal racism in school, age, ethnicity, cross-group friendships, and ethnic socialisation predicted their bystander responses.Prosocial bystander responses (intentions to help others) were most commonly reported, followed by passive (ignoring), then aggressive responses. Younger adolescents were more likely to indicate prosocial bystander responses than older adolescents, whereas older adolescents were...
  • June 07, 2017
    Sex steroid levels change markedly during menopause, and oestrogen deficiency after menopause causes changes within the urogenital tract. A new study found significantly lower levels of oestrogen in perimenopausal and postmenopausal women with stress urinary incontinence compared with those without symptoms.The study included 47 women with stress urinary incontinence who were matched with 47 controls. The findings suggest that low levels of circulating sex steroids might have a negative impact...
  • June 07, 2017
    Researchers who previously showed that a gene therapy treatment could save the lives of dogs with a deadly disease called myotubular myopathy—a type of muscular dystrophy that affects the skeletal muscles—have found that the therapy is long-lasting. The results support a clinical trial in patients.Myotubular myopathy is estimated to affect 1 in 50,000 male births, and boys born with the condition often die in the first year of life.In this latest study, investigators found that replacing the...
  • June 07, 2017
    A new analysis suggests that among older adults who take cardiovascular medications, those using non-selective beta-blockers may be at an increased of falling compared with those using selective beta-blockers. These types of drugs are already known to differ by their receptor binding properties and their systemic effects on the body.In the analysis of data from 2 prospective studies involving more than 10,000 individuals, use of a selective beta-blocker was not associated with fall risk,...
  • June 07, 2017
    A review of published studies has found that people who exercise excessively may be prone to acute or chronic gut issues.Investigators found that with increasing intensity and duration of exercise, there was a proportional increased risk of gut damage and impaired gut function. Specifically, the cells of the intestine are injured and the gut becomes more leaky, allowing pathogenic endotoxins normally present and isolated to the intestine to pass into the bloodstream. This...
  • June 07, 2017
    Pain that interferes with daily life, rather than pain per se, was associated with an increased risk of early death in a recent analysis.Individuals who were often troubled with pain had a 29% increased risk of dying during the study, and those who reported “quite a bit” and “extreme” pain interference had 38% and 88% increased risks, respectively. Report of any pain or having widespread pain was not associated with an increased risk of mortality.The study population was drawn from two large...
  • June 07, 2017
    A new study found that for many women in rural El Salvador, home-based HPV self-sampling for women is an acceptable way to participate in a cervical cancer screening program.Most women in the International Journal of Gynecology & Obstetrics study chose self-sampling because of practical reasons: convenience, privacy, and less embarrassment. Most women who accepted self-sampling were satisfied with their experience and would choose it again. Almost two-thirds of the women who accepted self-...
  • June 07, 2017
    An analysis of published studies indicates that physical exercise during pregnancy and the postpartum period is a safe way to achieve better psychological well-being and to reduce postpartum depressive symptoms.In the analysis of 12 studies, physical activity characteristics in terms of frequency and intensity did not seem to modify the effect of exercise on postpartum depressive symptoms.The findings are published in Birth.Additional InformationLink to Study:  http://doi.wiley....
  • June 07, 2017
    A new review looks at cervical cancer screening in the era of HPV vaccination. The review notes that trials have demonstrated the efficacy and safety of vaccines against HPV infection, but the complete effect of HPV vaccination as a cancer prevention strategy may not be fully evident for decades, given the slow progression from HPV infection to the development of cervical cancer.Also, studies have found a positive correlation between HPV vaccination and cervical screening, in spite of a...
  • June 07, 2017
    A new study has found that a multi-component self-management intervention (MCI) for adults with epilepsy may be an important tool to increase efficiency in epilepsy care.In the randomized study of 102 patients with epilepsy, the MCI did not significantly improve self-efficacy (confidence to manage medications and seizures), medication adherence, or quality of life when compared with usual care. Cost-effectiveness estimates for MCI however appeared promising.The MCI consisted of...