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  • August 10, 2017
    New research indicates that certain occupations may put workers at an elevated risk of developing rheumatoid arthritis. The findings, which appear in Arthritis Care & Research, suggest that work-related factors, such as noxious airborne agents, may contribute to the pathogenesis of rheumatoid arthritis. Environmental factors are thought to play a role in the development of rheumatoid arthritis by triggering autoimmune reactions in susceptible individuals. To examine whether certain...
  • August 09, 2017
    A new study published in the British Journal of Dermatology indicates that personalized melanoma genomic risk information can prompt discussions about skin cancer prevention and skin examinations with family and health professionals.After participants received a booklet explaining their estimated genomic risk based on salivary DNA testing, 74% discussed their information with relatives and 49% discussed it with friends. A smaller proportion discussed their data with health professionals, and...
  • August 09, 2017
    Written by Andrew Waxman, one of IBM's top thought leaders in financial strategy, the book analyses the risk failures and errors that have overwhelmed Wall Street for the past decade, helping bank leaders and consultants identify the tools they need to effectively manage operational risk. Citing different types of risk events such as: rogue and insider trading, cyber security, AML, the mortgage crisis, as well as other major events, the first half of the book details each operational risk type...
  • August 09, 2017
    In an analysis of nearly 960,000 females, individuals with eating disorders were more likely to be convicted of theft and other crimes.The incidences of theft and other convictions were 12% and 7%, respectively, in those with anorexia nervosa, 18% and 13% in those with bulimia nervosa, and 5% and 6% in those without eating disorders.  The associations with theft conviction remained in both anorexia and bulimia nervosa even when adjusting for psychiatric comorbidities and for familial...
  • August 09, 2017
    A new analysis indicates that breast cancer prognoses have improved over time in young women treated with breast conserving surgery. The analysis included 1331 patients younger than 40 years treated with breast conserving surgery and whole breast radiotherapy in a single cancer centre in Italy between 1997 and 2010.Breast cancer recurrences and deaths significantly decreased over time. A dramatic improvement in prognosis was observed after 2005, when the use of several new diagnostic and...
  • August 09, 2017
    A new review highlights the potential of nicotinamide (Vitamin B3) for preventing melanoma in high-risk individuals.Nicotinamide can help reduce or reverse DNA damage, inflammation, and immunosuppression caused by ultraviolet radiation.The cost of nicotinatimide is approximately $10 per month if taken at 1g per day as recommended. Randomized placebo controlled trials are now warranted to determine its efficacy and safety for melanoma prevention.“Nicotinamide has been show in a clinical trial—...
  • August 09, 2017
    In two countries with a Western lifestyle, similar health systems, and similar asthma prevalence, investigators observed differences in asthma management and treatment costs, despite comparable outcomes. More than 3000 randomly-selected participants with asthma in Australia and New Zealand completed an online survey focused on asthma symptom control, medication use, and doctors’ visits over the period of one year.  Although more costly medication was commonly used in Australia, similar...
  • August 09, 2017
    Bone marrow fat is thought to regulate bone metabolism, and high levels of marrow fat are seen in states of low bone mass, severe underweight, and diabetes.  In a study of obese women undergoing gastric bypass surgery, increases in bone marrow fat were associated with a greater decline in bone density. Furthermore, in diabetic women undergoing the surgery, improvements in blood sugar control were associated with decreased marrow fat.The findings suggest that blood sugar metabolism and...
  • August 09, 2017
    A new study shows that patients with rheumatoid arthritis and other autoimmune conditions who take the drug adalimumab can monitor drug levels in their bodies with a finger prick rather than undergoing a full blood draw.This method offers the opportunity to simplify therapeutic drug monitoring of adalimumab.“Easy home sampling at different time points will benefit patients and could help to prescribe biologics optimally,” said Dr. Karien Bloem, senior author of the British Journal of Clinical...
  • August 09, 2017
    In a study of nursing home patients, apathy was linked with an increased risk of dying over a 4-month period, even after controlling for depression. The study also found that apathy was present in half of nursing home patients.Apathy is defined by diminished or lack of motivational, goal-directed behavior, and a lack of cognition and emotional affect. It leads to reduced interest and participation in the main activities of daily living.The findings suggest that screening and treatment...