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  • February 24, 2017
    The results of a large study do not support the notion that prenatal and postpartum maternal depression is particularly detrimental to children’s psychological development. Instead, the most robust effects were found for maternal depression occurring during children’s preschool years.The analysis examined 11,599 families including 17,830 siblings from the Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort study. Using sibling comparisons, investigators accounted for genetic and shared environmental factors, as...
  • February 23, 2017
    It’s important to identify and treat osteoporosis following hip fracture, but a large study found low rates of assessment and treatment in postmenopausal women who had suffered a hip fracture.Among 8,349 women age 50 years and older who experienced a hip fracture between 2008 and 2013, just 17% had evidence of osteoporosis assessment and/or treatment within 6 months and 23% had evidence of assessment and/or treatment within 12 months of their fractures. Seeing a primary care doctor after...
  • February 23, 2017
    In a large multiethnic study, being underweight was linked with an increased risk of early death among postmenopausal women. Also, a higher waist circumference—but not being overweight or slightly obese—was associated with premature mortality, indicating that abdominal fat is more deadly than carrying excess weight.Interestingly, Hispanic women in the study had a lower mortality rate at any given body mass index or waist circumference compared with non-Hispanic whites or African-Americans.“We...
  • February 23, 2017
    New research indicates that the incidence of inflammatory bowel disease—including ulcerative colitis (UC) and Crohn’s disease (CD)—in Denmark is on the rise and is among the highest in the world.Between 1980 and 2013, the incidence of UC increased by over 70% to around 19 per 100,000 people per year. Similarly, the incidence of CD increased by 75% to around 9 per 100,000 people per year. The increase in the incidence of CD was greatest in children under age 15. The increases in UC and CD were...
  • February 23, 2017
    A new analysis indicates that not obtaining a medication the first time it is prescribed—called initial medication non-adherence—is common among patients within the Catalan health system in Spain. In the analysis of some 1.6 million patients with 2.9 million prescriptions, the prevalence of total initial medication non-adherence was 17.6% of prescriptions. Predictors were younger age, American nationality, having a pain-related or mental disorder, and being treated by a substitute/resident...
  • February 23, 2017
    Although many infectious diseases lack vaccines, current vaccine research is limited, primarily due to an understandable but unfortunate lack of commercial interest. A new article identifies and discusses the gaps in human capital necessary for robust vaccine development.The authors recommend the formation of an institute that will focus on the development of vaccines that are of obvious public health importance but not necessarily of commercial interest. An advisory committee of key...
  • February 23, 2017
    An eight-week mindfulness-based meditation program led to improved quality of life and psychological well-being in clinical trial of patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). In the randomised, open-label and controlled clinical trial that included 100 patients, participants who underwent meditation training scored higher on a questionnaire specifically developed to assess quality of life in people with ALS. They also reported lower levels of anxiety and depression. These...
  • February 23, 2017
    A new study indicates that particular areas of foot pain are more likely to occur together, and these clusters have specific characteristics.By analyzing 558 individuals with foot pain, investigators identified five clusters of pain according to location, all with distinct differences based on age, sex, and comorbidities such as obesity and depression.The findings provide greater understanding of patterns of foot pain in the community and highlights opportunities for...
  • February 23, 2017
    Doose syndrome or myoclonic-astatic epilepsy is a rare syndrome accounting for one to two percent of childhood epilepsies. A ketogenic diet, which is low in carbohydrates and high in fat, is an effective treatment, but it is very restrictive and difficult to follow. In a recent study, 25 of 30 children (83 percent) with Doose syndrome who followed a modified Atkins Diet experienced a seizure reduction of at least 50 percent and 14 of 30 children (47 percent) were seizure-free.“Toddlers...
  • February 23, 2017
    In a recent study of adolescents, those who reported being sleepy during the day were more likely to be antisocial, and they were 4.5-times more likely to commit crime by age 29.The sleepiness–adult crime relationship was evident even after controlling for adolescent antisocial behavior. Poor daytime attention appeared to play a role in the sleep-crime relationship. Social adversity was identified as a source of both sleepiness and future crime.“Past studies have been asleep on the job and...